Home | Publications | ISQ | 2013 ISQ Issues (v.25) | Winter 2013 (v.25 no.4) | A Transformative Opportunity: BIBFRAME at the George Washington University, an Early Experimenter (Jackie Shieh)
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Information Standards Quarterly

ISSN: 1041-0031

Winter 2013, v.25, no.4

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Article Title: A Transformative Opportunity: BIBFRAME at the George Washington University, an Early Experimenter
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Author: Jackie Shieh
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3789/isqv25no4.2013.04
Citation: Shieh, Jackie. A Transformative Opportunity: BIBFRAME at the George Washington University, an Early Experimenter. Information Standards Quarterly, Winter 2013, 25(4): 17-21.
Abstract: In the last two decades, information professionals have been under pressure to remain relevant in the world of web data. On May 13, 2011, the Library of Congress (LC) issued a statement on transforming the bibliographic framework. Zepheira was engaged to spearhead the process of rethinking bibliographic control beyond the MARC communication format in a way that could extend to a wider bibliographic framework—content agnostic, and able to support traditional bibliographic, authority, and holdings data, in addition to aligning them with services that go beyond traditional information structures, both physical and virtual. When the BIBFRAME initiative surfaced in 2012, its design characteristics struck a chord with the George Washington University Libraries (GW) administration: customization, openness, productivity, shareability, and resource development. They also recognized that GW staff could make an important contribution by participating in the initiative. By being an early experimenter (EE), GW Libraries had a unique opportunity to contribute and establish a new standard that would benefit researchers navigating the information sphere. An institutional commitment to be involved on this scale challenged both the lead participants and library staff members, who were called upon to contribute a portion of their skills and talents to the project. It was a journey for our small group that helped solidify our professional beliefs.
& Notes:
  1. The mission was defined by Charles Cutter in the 19th century-enabling the user to find an item by its creator, title, or subjects in a library catalog having the ability to show its user all items that the library owns by any given author, title, subject, type of literature. In addition, it guides users' choices by describing an item's edition and characteristics.

  2. Tim Berners-Lee's 1997 draft on metadata axioms and the conceptual principle of connecting resources on the net with an identifier associated with an actionable protocol laid down a paradigm shift for metadata architecture and standards. http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkLaw

  3. OCLC spearheaded several projects that rallied catalogers to explore potential solutions and attempts to organize the exploded Web resources: InterCat (Internet Cataloging, 1994-1996), netFirst (1995), CORC (Cooperative Online Resource Catalog) 1998-2003, etc. In Nov. 2006, the Working Group on the Future of Bibliographic Control convened by the Library of Congress laid out strategies for the next decade, including a bibliographic framework beyond MARC.

  4. Transforming our Bibliographic Framework: A Statement from the Library of Congress.

  5. Zepheira [website].

  6. Agnostic, in Greek means without knowledge, is commonly understood as a concept that refers to the design attributes and philosophies of a system, software, a framework, etc. It is generalized in such a way that it facilitates interoperability, free of system, platform constraints, and enables compliance with widely accepted standards.

  7. RDF/XML Syntax Specification (Revised). W3C Recommendation, February 10, 2004.

  8. Functional Requirement for Bibliographic Records. IFLA, 1998.

  9. Resource Description and Access [website].

  10. Eric Miller. BIBFRAME Community Profile. Presented at LC Bibliographic Framework Initiative Update Forum, June 30, 2013.

  11. Turtle: Terse RDF Triple Language. W3C Candidate Recommendation, February 19, 2013.

  12. N-Triples. In: RDF Test Cases. W3C Recommendation, February 10, 2004.

  13. In the early 2000s, George Washington University (GW) Libraries, like many of its peers, began a series of reorganizations to maximize its resources for library service. In 2008, Technical Services began a final phase of personnel and resource realignments. Between 2009 and 2010, GW Libraries cataloging staff participated in the U.S. National RDA Test partners program. Collectively, staff spent 94 personal hours and 17 structured hours in the classroom and in workshops. This experience created a forward-looking, cooperative learning environment.

  14. Voyager Integrated Library System [webpage]

  15. Reports from the Voyager database show almost 18% of the records contain at least one or more invalidated fields. This translates to over 300,000 records in a database containing 1.8 M bibliographic records.

  16. McCallum, Sally. BIBFRAME: Proposed Roadmap. Presented at LC Bibliographic Framework Initiative Update Forum, January 27, 2013.

  17. Beside GW, the other BIBFRAME Early Experimenters are: British Library, Deutsche Nationalbibliothek, Library of Congress, National Library of Medicine, OCLC, and Princeton University.

  18. The EEs prepared and shared a dozen point papers from March-May 2013. Those available to the public are posted at: http://bibframe.org/documentation/

  19. Bibliographic Framework Initiative. BIBFRAME Documentation [website]. Library of Congress.

  20. The term [Vocabulary Navigator] was coined in the LC document announcing BIBFRAME [page 39].

  21. BIBFRAME Model webpage [including core classes and vocabulary updates]

  22. BIBFRAME Tools

  23. BIBFRAME Use Cases and Requirements