April 2012

Architecture Committee

Chair: Barbara Preece (Dean of the Library, California State University, San Marcos, & Vice-Chair, NISO Board of Directors)


E-book Special Interest Group

Survey results prioritizing the brainstorming output of subgroups of the E-book Special Interest Group —Accessibility, Discovery Tools & Linking, Distribution, and General Metadata—are under discussion by the NISO Architecture Committee and the three Topic Committees to determine which items should be pursued by NISO as new work initiatives in 2012. We expect new projects to be initiated in the coming months. More information, including webinar recordings, can be found at the E-book SIG webpage.

Business Information Topic Committee

Chair: Kathleen Folger (University of Michigan Library)


ERM Data Standards & Best Practices Review Working Group

Chair: Tim Jewell (University of Washington)
ERM Review Workroom

Making Good on the Promise of ERM: A Standards and Best Practices Discussion Paper

The final report from the NISO ERM Data Standards and Best Practices Review Working Group, Making Good on the Promise of ERM: A Standards and Best Practices Discussion Paper, has been published and is available on the NISO website. The document details gap analysis that the group performed in five categories: Link Resolvers and Knowledge Bases; The Work, Manifestations, and Access Points; Cost and Usage-Related Data; License Terms and Defining Consensus; and Data Exchange Using Institutional Identifiers, and explains its recommendations for further action in these areas.

In particular, the Working Group recommends that rather than maintain a data dictionary in the area of ERM (as was created by the group's predecessor, the Digital Library Federation's Electronic Resource Management Initiative ("ERMI")), that NISO continue to encourage narrower initiatives targeting specific ERM functional needs while advocating for and pursuing alternate strategies aimed at interoperability. In addition, the paper includes a discussion of perceived shortcomings in workflow support within current-generation Electronic Resources Management Systems (ERMS) and of related emerging work by vendors and libraries, supplemented by a bibliography and list of illustrative workflow diagrams, and also examines the work that has been done in expression of license terms by initiatives such as ONIX-PL, recommending that NISO facilitate discussions leading to a "simpler and scalable 'third way' of encoding these."

The members of the Working Group participated in the February NISO Open Teleconference call, for which a recording is available, and Tim Jewell, chair of the group, convened a panel on ERM at the recent ER&L conference in Austin in April.

I2 (Institutional Identifiers) Working Group

Co-Chairs: Grace Agnew (Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey), Oliver Pesch (EBSCO Information Services)
I2 Workroom

Over the past year, the I2 Working Group has been working with the ISNI International Agency (ISNI-IA)—the organization created to deploy and manage the ISNI—to ensure that the infrastructure created by ISNI-IA will effectively handle the identification of institutions within the information supply chain. I2 made recommendations to the ISNI-IA which were incorporated into the ISNI, which was published as ISO 27729 in mid-March 2012.

The I2 Working Group's Recommended Practice is expected to be published in Q2 2012, after approval from the Business Information Topic Committee. This document will provide information on a profile that can be used by appropriate Registration Agencies to apply ISNI to institutions and will successfully conclude the significant research and analysis undertaken by the I2 Working Group.

PIE-J (Presentation and Identification of E-Journals) Working GroupPIE-J: Presentation and Identification of E-Journals

Co-chairs: Cindy Hepfer (University of Buffalo, SUNY), Bob Boissy (Springer)
PIE-J Workroom

PIE-J exists to help users, working in online environments, more easily access article-based materials using citation elements. The PIE-J Working Group is nearing completion of its draft Recommended Practice, which it expects to release for a 45-day comment period in Q2 2012. The document, which contains an extensive appendix including many publisher examples of good practice, provides guidance on the presentation and identification of e-journals, particularly in the area of title presentation and bibliographic history, accurate use of the ISSN, and citation practice. This work is intended to assist publishers, platform providers, abstracting and indexing services, knowledgeable providers, aggregators, and other concerned parties in facilitating online discovery, identification, and access for the publications.

Regina Reynolds plans to present an update on PIE-J as part of a NISO panel at the upcoming NASIG conference in Nashville, TN, on Saturday, June 9 at 10:30 am.

SERU (Shared E-Resource Understanding) Standing Committee SERU logo

Co-chairs: Judy Luther (Informed Strategies), Selden Lamoureux (University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill)
SERU Workroom
SERU Recommended Practice (NISO RP-7-2008)
Draft revision of SERU Recommended Practice: NISO RP-7-201x

The SERU Standing Committee has recently completed its work on a revision to the SERU Recommended Practice. The draft document was available during February for public comment, and the Committee has reviewed and responded to these comments. To coincide with the public availability of the updated SERU Recommended Practice, expected in May 2012, the Committee is now finalizing improvements to the SERU public Workroom pages, to help publishers and librarians make better practical use of the information.

The SERU revision recognizes the importance of SERU being more flexible for those who want to expand its use beyond e-journals, for which the original 2008 SERU was developed. It also notes that consensus for other types of e-resource transactions are not as well-established as they are for e-journals. In those instances where there is as yet no standard expectation, a shared understanding may still be achieved if expectations are clearly articulated in the purchase order that accompanies SERU. In this way, other types of electronic resources may be licensed using the updated SERU framework.

Watch for an announcement of the availability of the new Recommended Practice and the supporting SERU Workroom!

SUSHI (Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative) Standing Committee

Co-chairs: Bob McQuillan (Innovative Interfaces), Oliver Pesch (EBSCO Information Services)
SUSHI Workroom
SUSHI standard (ANSI/NISO Z39.93-2007)
Draft Providing a Test Mode for SUSHI Servers (NISO RP-13-201x)
Draft COUNTER-SUSHI Implementation Profile (NISO RP-14-201x)

This Standing Committee provides maintenance and support for ANSI/NISO Z39.93-2007, The Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative (SUSHI) Protocol, and acts as maintenance group for the COUNTER schema by providing recommendations to COUNTER and making changes to the COUNTER XML schemas (as approved by COUNTER).

The Release 4 of the COUNTER Code of Practice has recently been issued with a deadline date for implementation of December 31, 2013. Along with some general updates to the public SUSHI Workroom pages, in order that SUSHI might be more easily applied by its audience of librarians and developers, the Standing Committee will be making further COUNTER 4-SUSHI materials available in the months ahead, and also adding some starter client code for use by SUSHI developers.

The SUSHI Standing Committee and its subgroup, the SUSHI Server group, made available two documents for public comment during January, and now that the comment periods are over, are finalizing them for publication during Q2 2012. The COUNTER-SUSHI Implementation Profile (NISO RP-14-201x) sets out detailed expectations on how SUSHI and COUNTER XML reports should be implemented, which will ease interaction between servers and clients, typically built by different parties in the information environment. The draft Recommended Practice created by the SUSHI Server subgroup, Providing a Test Mode for SUSHI Servers (NISO RP-13-201x), will enable clients to be more easily developed and tested.

Oliver Pesch, co-chair of the SUSHI Standing Committee, presented on the recent activities as part of a NISO panel at ER&L in Austin, TX in April. His PowerPoint slides are available on the SUSHI Press & Presentations webpage.

Z39.7 Data Dictionary Standing Committee

Chair: Martha Kyrillidou, Association of Research Libraries (ARL)
Z39.7 Data Dictionary

The Information Services and Use: Metrics & statistics for libraries and information providers – Data Dictionary (ANSI/NISO Z39.7) is an online standard that is continuously maintained. The purpose of the Data Dictionary is to assist the information community by indicating and defining useful quantifiable information to measure the resources and performance of libraries and to provide a body of valid and comparable data on American libraries. It identifies standard definitions, methods, and practices relevant to library statistics activities in the United States.

The Data Dictionary is provided online, and any user may submit suggested changes through a comment box which is available on each of the online pages. The Standing Committee then reviews these suggestions during its monthly phone calls. The recent monthly calls of the Committee have also included discussions of and liaisons with related standards work, such as ISO 2789, International Library Statistics, and discussions of definitions of the library, looking at a recent report on academic libraries, Redefining the Academic Library: Managing the Migration to Digital Information Services, published by the Education Advisory Board.

Content & Collection Management Topic Committee

Co-chairs: Rice Majors (University of Colorado at Boulder), Julia Blixrud (Association of Research Libraries (ARL))


DAISY Standard Revision Working Group

Co-chairs: George Kerscher (DAISY), Markus Gylling (DAISY)
DAISY Revision Workroom
ANSI/NISO Z39.86-2005 (R2012), Specifications for the Digital Talking Book
Final Draft: NISO Z39.98-201x, Authoring and Interchange Framework for Adaptive XML Publishing Specification

This group began their project as a revision of ANSI/NISO Z39.86-2005, Specifications for the Digital Talking Book. Following a trial use of the draft update in 2011, which received the new title of Authoring and Interchange Framework for Adaptive XML Publishing Specification, the group recommended that the revision be issued as a new standard and the existing standard be reaffirmed. Commenters on the trial had indicated that the revision's changes, while needed, were so substantial as to require a transition period of several years for both content makers and e-reader manufacturers. The CCM Topic Committee approved this approach and the existing standard was approved for reaffirmation by NISO and ANSI in March and April 2012, respectively.

The new Authoring and Interchange Framework for Adaptive XML Publishing Specification was assigned the designation of Z39.98. The final draft is now before the CCM Topic Committee for approval to present it for a 45-day ballot to the NISO Members Voting Pool, and if approved, to ANSI for final approval as an American National Standard.

Digital Bookmarking and Annotation Sharing Working Group

Co-chairs: To be determined
E-Book Annotation Sharing and Social Reading workshops webpage

This Working Group, formed following discussion meetings funded by The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation held in October 2011 in Frankfurt, Germany, and San Francisco, CA, will address the system requirements and syntax specification for online citation and annotation sharing.

In digital environments, particularly those supporting use of e-books, it has become apparent that there is a need to locate reference points and share citations and annotations for the same text across a variety of hardware platforms, likely across various editions. As reading is considered a social activity, sharing of observations and other material in the realm of e-books is a very human requirement.

The Working Group, consisting of libraries, suppliers, members of trade associations, and other interested parties was formed in March 2012 and held its first conference call in early April. As it moves forward, it will be creating an overall work plan and next steps with an eye toward release of a draft specification for use in early 2013.

Related to this effort, NISO has released its final report to the Mellon Foundation describing the October 2011 meetings. This narrative includes notes from the meetings and links to presentations and other materials.

RFID in Libraries Revision Working Group

Co-chairs: Vinod Chachra (VTLS, Inc.), Paul Sevcik (3M Library Systems)
RFID in Libraries Workroom
NISO RP-6-2012, RFID in U.S. Libraries

The RFID Recommended Practice, NISO RP-6-2012, RFID in U.S. Libraries, authored by this Working Group, was published in early April 2012. This revised RP, a U.S. profile for ISO 28560, the international standard for RFID in libraries published in 2011, supports United States implementers of RFID tags in libraries with the information they need to conform with the ISO standard by recommending a common subset of the data elements to be placed on library tags in the U.S. and specifying the preferred encoding and formatting of that data. The RP will be used by RFID hardware manufacturers, solution providers (software and integration), library RFID users, book jobbers and processors, and related organizations in the United States. Adoption of this Recommended Practice will ensure that U.S. libraries can procure tags and equipment from different vendors, merge collections containing different manufacturers' tags, and, for the purposes of interlibrary loan, read the tags on items belonging to other libraries.

Standardized Markup for Journal Articles Working Group (JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite)

Co-chairs: Jeff Beck (National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine), B. Tommie Usdin (Mulberry Technologies, Inc.)
JATS Workroom
JATS Draft Standard for Trial Use (NISO Z39.96-201x)

The National Library of Medicine (NLM) created the Journal Archiving and Interchange Tag Suite with the intent of providing a common format in which publishers and archives can exchange journal content. The goal of the work of the JATS Working Group was to take the NLM Journal Archiving and Interchange Tag Suite, three journal article schemas (Journal Archiving and Interchange Tag Set, Journal Publishing Tag Set, and Article Authoring Tag Set) and associated documentation, update it per current industry requirements, and shepherd it through the NISO standardization process.

This work, which included a period for trial use of the draft standard which ended in September 2011, is now nearly complete. The JATS Working Group has very recently finalized its proposed standard, NISO Z39.96-201x, JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite. Following a period of review and approval by the CCM Topic Committee, the standard will be balloted as version 1.0 of NISO Z39.96. Approval by NISO Voting Members and the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is required before the final standard is published. The JATS Working Group will then turn its attention to creation of a JATS Standing Committee in order to continuously maintain the standard.

NISO/NFAIS Supplemental Journal Article Materials Project

Business Working Group Co-chairs: Linda Beebe (American Psychological Association), Marie McVeigh (Thomson Reuters)
Technical Working Group Co-chairs: Dave Martinsen (American Chemical Society), Sasha Schwarzman (American Geophysical Union)
Supplemental Journal Article Materials Workroom
Draft for Comments: NISO RP-15-201x, Recommended Practices for Online Supplemental Journal Article Materials [comment period has ended]

This joint NISO-NFAIS Working Group has been developing a set of recommended practices to help publishers and editors in selection, delivery, aid of discovery, and preservation of supplemental materials released with journal articles. The Working Group consists of two subgroups, the Business Working Group and the Technical Working Group, which have been working separately but in tandem, to address thier respective specific areas.

The Business Working Group, which is concerned with addressing policies and practices, released its draft Recommended Practice, Online Supplemental Journal Article Materials, Part A: Business Policies and Practices (NISO RP-15-201x) for a public comment period, which ended on February 29, 2012. Currently the Business Working Group is responding to the comments received and making appropriate modifications to the Recommendations which cover the areas of selecting content, editing content, managing and hosting, ensuring discoverability, referencing materials, maintaining links, providing context, preserving material, and rights management.

The Technical Working Group is working on its technical recommendations and documents covering "how-to" aspects of implementation in the areas of linking, packaging, and archiving; these documents will potentially include DTDs and tag libraries. It expects to make this draft material available for public comment by Summer 2012. After review of comments, the overall joint document will be submitted for approval by NISO and NFAIS.

Discovery to Delivery Topic Committee

Co-chairs: Robert Walsh (EnvisionWare, Inc.), Tim Shearer (University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Library)


Improving OpenURL Through Analytics (IOTA) Working Group IOTA: Small changes, Big Improvements

Chair: Adam Chandler (Cornell University)
IOTA Workroom
IOTA Website including blog and analytic log files
Follow on Twitter: @nisoiota

The IOTA (Improving OpenURLs Through Analytics) Working Group is investigating the feasibility of creating industry-wide, transparent and scalable metrics for evaluating and comparing the quality of OpenURL implementations across content providers, so as to provide benchmarks against which improvements to OpenURLs can be made, thereby bettering linking for end users. This initiative, which began in early 2010, is intended to be two and a half years in duration.

Over the last several months, the group undertook a significant technical experiment to empirically correlate its completeness rating, which it has been working on for the duration of the project, to real link resolution in EBSCO and Serials Solution resolvers. The effort intends to measure the correlation between "success" and "completeness" in hopes that this method can inform the metric weightings that comprise the completeness score. The analysis of this work is now coming to a close, and the IOTA Working Group is in the process of compiling its conclusions and recommendations in this area.

These conclusions will be included in a report currently in the early authoring stages, expected to be published in the next several months. IOTA will be presented at the Texas Library Association conference in Houston, TX on April 19, 2012 and at the American Library Association conference in Anaheim, CA on June 24, 2012. Adam Chandler, chair of IOTA, will join the upcoming NISO Open Teleconference on May 14, 2012.

The IOTA reporting system is available at openurlquality.niso.org/ and continues to welcome data and comments from participating libraries to help with analysis.

NISO/UKSG Knowledge Bases And Related Tools (KBART) Phase 2 Working Group KBART logo

Co-chairs: Andreas Biedenbach (Independent Publishing Professional), Sarah Pearson (University of Birmingham)
Contact KBART Chairs for endorsement approval
KBART Workroom (NISO)
KBART Website (UKSG)

The NISO/UKSG KBART Phase II Working Group is working to provide support for the Phase I Recommended Practice, NISO RP-9-2010, KBART: Knowledge Bases and Related Tools, and is also developing a second Recommended Practice to build on the recommendations of the first, specifically addressing the areas of metadata for e-books and conference proceedings and packages licensed via consortia deals. In addition, the Working Group is exploring the area of open access materials and how this metadata might be published and shared in knowledgebases.

In January-February 2012, the Working Group published a survey to gather information from the library community in the areas of metadata for open access, e-books and conference proceedings, and consortial subscriptions. This material is now informing the group's discussions on requirements, and helping to determine next steps on recommendations. The Group also discussed the means by which hosting services (such as Metapress, Ingenta, etc.) host files on behalf of publishers and how publisher indication may need to be added to the Phase II recommendations.

Many additional publishers and content providers are continuing to work with the group in testing and endorsement of the Phase I Recommendations and the group is finalizing approval of these publisher files as KBART-compliant, with the intent to publish a press release in May. The group has created an internal tool to make it easier for the link resolver vendors who are participating on the Working Group to communicate the results of their tests of these vendor files. Contact information for all KBART endorsers can be found on the KBART Registry. Registration of contact details does not require endorsement.

NCIP (NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol) Standing Committee

Chair: Mike Dicus (Ex Libris)
Maintenance Agency: EnvisionWare (contact: Rob Walsh)
NCIP Workroom
NCIP Maintenance Agency
ANSI/NISO Z39.83-1-2008 NISO Circulation Interchange Part 1: Protocol (NCIP)
ANSI/NISO Z39.83-2-2008 NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol (NCIP) Part 2: Implementation Profile 1

The NCIP Standing Committee reviews status of implementations and other general business on monthly calls. Twice a year, in-person meetings are held in order to review ongoing updates to the NCIP protocol. All defect and change requests in 2011 were discussed and addressed at the fall NCIP Standing Committee meeting; after a period of editing, document finalization and formal Committee approval, NCIP Version 2.02 (Part 1: Protocol; Part 2: Implementation Profile) is now in the process of being approved by the D2D Topic Committee before final approval by the Voting Members. Changes include: the addition of repeatable, optional Bibliographic Id to Loaned Item and Requested Item; addition of optional Date Due to Item Optional Fields; addition of UPC and GTIN to Bibliographic Item Identifier Code scheme; addition of DVD and Blu-Ray to Medium Type scheme; and addition of Lookup Item Service.

The next in-person meeting will be April 25-26, 2012 in Winchester, Virginia, hosted by TLC. The closing date for updates to be submitted for discussion at this meeting was March 1, 2012; the closing date for comments to be considered at the next in-person meeting (which will take place before October 31, 2012) is August 1, 2012. Topics for the April meeting will include implementer updates, new change requests for NCIP, and the NCIP Implementers' Registry.

Open Discovery Initiative Working Group

Co-chairs: Marshall Breeding (Vanderbilt University), Jenny Walker (Ex Libris)
ODI Workroom

The Open Discovery Initiative (ODI) aims at defining standards and/or best practices for the new generation of library discovery services that are based on indexed search. The Working Group has begun meeting regularly through biweekly conference calls, beginning on January 31, 2012 for the co-chairs and February 7 for the entire workgroup.

As one of its first activities, the work group developed a revised version of its charge, ensuring that it covered all the major tasks within the understood scope of the initiative and that it addressed issues related to each of the major stakeholder groups: publishers, discovery service creators, and libraries.

The group has drafted, expanded, and will continue to revise as needed a glossary of definitions of terms and concepts pertinent to the scope of index-based discovery. This glossary will help the work group use terms consistently as it carries out its activities and we anticipate that it will be useful beyond the workgroup to facilitate a common vocabulary in the broader discourse surrounding the topic.

The workgroup has now entered its information gathering phase. Each of the workgroup members responded to a poll identifying areas of special interest and task groups have been organized and leaders appointed to reach out to interested parties involved with each of the stakeholder groups to identify issues, problems, or other points of information the workgroup needs to have at its disposal as it develops its recommendations or proposals. In addition to semi-monthly calls, the ODI work group plans to meet in person at the ALA Annual Conference in Anaheim, CA.

The monthly NISO Open Teleconference call on April 9th featured the Open Discovery Initiative, with Marshall Breeding (Vanderbilt University), Jenny Walker (Ex Libris), and Lettie Conrad (Sage) each giving brief presentations and responding to questions; the recording of this call is available. John Law (Serials Solutions) and Jamene Brooks-Kieffer (Kansas State University) presented a session on ODI at the ER&L 2012 conference on April 4 in Austin TX as part of the NISO update panel and Jenny Walker presented at the Fiesole Retreat on 12th April in Fiesole. Additional exposure and promotion of ODI is planned through presentations at the NASIG conference in Nashville, TN on June 9, 2012, and other national venues.

Those interested in following the work of this effort can join the ODI observer mailing list at http://www.niso.org/lists/opendiscovery/.

Physical Delivery of Library Resources Working Group

Co-chairs: Valerie Horton (Colorado Library Consortium), Diane Sachs-Silveira (Tampa Bay Library Consortium)
Physical Delivery Workroom
NISO RP-12-2012, Physical Delivery of Library Resources

The NISO Physical Delivery of Library Resources Working Group published its Recommended Practice in late January. The purpose of the Recommended Practice is to identify methods for improved physical movement of items: the delivery of the items to the requesting library and their return to the lending library. The Recommended Practice focuses on three key areas: the physical move, automation, and the management of physical delivery. The Recommended Practice also includes some suggestions about other steps in the patron request process that can help to ensure the delivery piece works optimally. The Recommended Practice's scope is limited to the external delivery of items between separately administered libraries, although many of the recommendations could apply to delivery between branches of a single library system, as well.

As a follow-up to the Recommended Practice publication, co-chair Diana Sachs-Silveira participated on the March 12 NISO Open Teleconference. A recording of this call is available.

ResourceSync Working Group

Co-chairs: Todd Carpenter (NISO), Herbert Van de Sompel (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
ResourceSync Workroom
ResourceSync New Work Item Proposal

Approved as a work item by the NISO Voting Membership in December 2011, ResourceSync will research, develop, prototype, test, and deploy mechanisms for the large-scale synchronization of web resources. ResourceSync is a joint cooperation between NISO and the Open Archives Initiative (OAI) team, with work funded by the Sloan Foundation2. Building on the OAI-PMH strategies for synchronizing metadata, this project will enhance that specification using modern web technologies, but will allow for the synchronization of the objects themselves, not just their metadata. The end product of the work will be a specification, vetted by experts and test implementations, which details an approach to synchronize Web resources at scale in an interoperable manner.

The core ResourceSync team held an in-person kickoff meeting in early February at the NISO offices in Baltimore, MD. The outcomes of this meeting included general agreement on scope, design considerations, discussion of related technologies, existing prototypes, and next steps for the project. The Working Group was enlarged in March with the addition of several parties with extensive practical experience in this area, and the group has since been continuing its discussion on delineation of use cases and further requirements. An in-person meeting is planned following the JCDL meeting in Washington, DC, in June 2012.

Potential New Work

Proposed New Work Item: Standard Interchange Protocol (SIP)

SIP New Work Item Proposal

3M introduced the 3M. Standard Interchange Protocol (SIP) in 1993. This protocol provided a standard communication mechanism to allow Integrated Library Systems (ILS) applications and self-service devices to communicate seamlessly to perform self-service transactions. This protocol quickly became the de facto standard around the world, and remains the primary protocol to integrate ILSs and self-service devices.

Since the protocol's inception in 1993, 3M has continued to produce updated versions of it. Most recently 3M published version 3.0, for which the library community of developers and interested parties was utilized to provide input for its production. Version 3.0 was published at the end of 2011.

The goal of this work item is to take the currently existing SIP version 3.0 specification and shepherd it through the NISO standardization process. Because of the maturity of the protocol, we believe that, once a Working Group is created, it will be possible to propose that version 3.0, as it currently stands, be accepted as a Draft Standard following a brief period of review within the group. Following Draft Standard review and subsequent NISO Voting Member ballot, if approved, a Maintenance Agency or Standing Committee will be appointed for future review and maintenance of SIP.