April 2015

Business Information Topic Committee

Co-chairs: Anne Campbell (EBSCO Information Systems), Christine Stamison (Northeast Research Libraries Consortium)


Altmetrics Working Groups

Altmetrics New Work Item Proposal (PDF)

The Working Groups discussed in the proposal that was approved by NISO Voting Members in December are now assembled and are starting work. Membership rosters have very recently been approved by the Business Information Topic Committee.

  • Working Group A will address development of specific definitions for alternative assessment metrics and descriptions of how various use cases apply to and are valuable to different stakeholder groups; it is co-chaired by Michael Habib of Elsevier and Mike Showalter of Plum Analytics.
  • Working Group B will address definitions for appropriate metrics and calculation methodologies for specific output types (including, for example, research data, software, and performances), and promotion and facilitation of persistent identifiers in scholarly communications to aid this effort; it is co-chaired by Kristi Holmes of Northwestern University and Mike Taylor of Elsevier.
  • Working Group C will address development of strategies to improve data quality through source data providers; it is co-chaired by Stefanie Haustein of the University of Montreal and Greg Tananbaum of SPARC.

Martin Fenner of PLOS continues as project consultant, and a Steering Committee consisting of the co-chairs of the working groups, Martin, Todd Carpenter and Nettie Lagace of NISO, and Stuart Maxwell representing the Business Information Topic Committee will meet regularly to enhance coordination and communication among the groups.

These working groups are the enaction of Phase II of the NISO Altmetrics Initiative, which was begun in 2013 with funding from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. This development of recommended practices follows on the publication of an industry white paper distilling community discussions on what areas of alternative metrics would benefit most from standards-related development. It is expected that these working groups will continue to work for the duration of 2015, with draft documents expected by the end of the year and publication in the first part of 2016. Web pages for each of these groups will soon be added to the NISO Workroom area.

Demand-Driven Acquisitions Working Group

Co-chairs: Barbara Kawecki (YBP Library Services); Michael Levine-Clark (University of Denver)
DDA Workroom

Demand Driven Acquisition of Monographs Recommended Practice (NISO RP-20-2014)

The Demand Driven Acquisition of Monographs Recommended Practice, published by NISO in late June 2014, includes recommendations covering overall goals and objectives for a library's DDA program. Descriptions of processes include best practices for profiling, management of MARC records (methods for automated updating and removal of discovery records), means for local program assessment, and considerations for consortia and public libraries. In addition to the Recommended Practice, the DDA Working Group published a summary of surveys it conducted as part of its research on areas of technical processes, access methods, and metric modeling. This survey data is extremely comprehensive and contains a wealth of qualitative information representing library perspectives and experiences in this area.

Creation of a Standing Committee to manage education, promotion, and further adjudication of potential updates to the Recommended Practice is now under way. If you are interested in potential participation in this group, please contact Nettie Lagace, NISO Associate Director of Programs (nlagace@niso.org). Betty Landesman, co-chair of the NISO Content and Collections Management Topic Committee, presented on this effort as part of a standards update at the Electronic Resources & Libraries conference in February in Austin, TX, and David Whitehair of OCLC, Working Group member, presented it at the Council on East Asian Libraries (CEAL) meeting in Chicago, IL, in March.

To receive updates on the work of this group, subscribe to its announcement list.

PIE-J (Presentation & Identification of E-Journals) Standing Committee PIE-J: Presentation and Identification of E-Journals

Co-chairs: Ed Cilurso (Taylor & Francis), Sarah (Sally) Glasser (Hofstra University)
PIE-J Workroom

PIE-J Recommended Practice (NISO RP-16-2013)

The PIE-J Recommended Practice, PIE-J: Presentation & Identification of E-Journals (NISO RP-16-2013) was published in 2013. It provides guidance to publishers and platform providers on the presentation of e-journals—a critical component of the global scholarly infrastructure—particularly in the areas of title presentation, accurate use of ISSN, and citation practices. The PIE-J RP is intended to alleviate the problems encountered by end users when working online to access article-based materials using citation elements. Additionally, two forms of a brochure describing PIE-J are available via the PIE-J Workroom page.

The PIE-J Standing Committee is charged with responding to specific questions about the Recommended Practice, gathering comments for a full review of the Recommended Practice document, and promoting PIE-J. As part of this work, the Standing Committee has made available a template on the PIE-J website for librarians wishing to contact publishers and providers with concerns about the presentation of e-journals on their websites. The template includes suggested wording but is completely customizable.

More recently, the Standing Committee is preparing communications to some specific publishers regarding the adoption of PIE-J and organized a survey that was sent to publishers and librarians during February and March regarding the periodic review of PIE-J. Input from this survey is now under review by the group.

SERU (Shared E-Resource Understanding) Standing Committee SERU logo

Co-chairs: Adam Chesler (Business Expert Press), Anne McKee (Greater Western Library Alliance)
SERU Workroom
SERU Recommended Practice (NISO RP-7-2012)

The SERU Recommended Practice was updated in 2012 to be more flexible for use with online products beyond e-journals, and is supported by its Standing Committee who works to publicize SERU and educate libraries and publishers via direct contacts and public presentations at industry conferences. Support includes the SERU public workroom pages, which are intended to help publishers and libraries understand and use the SERU material. The SERU Registry, whose purpose is to enable publishers and librarians to more easily identify each other, continues to be updated with new supporters of SERU; since February 9 new publishers and 4 new libraries have been added.

SUSHI (Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative) Standing Committee SUSHI logo

Co-chairs: Marie Kennedy (Loyola Marymount University), Oliver Pesch (EBSCO Information Services)
SUSHI Workroom
SUSHI standard (ANSI/NISO Z39.93-2014)
COUNTER-SUSHI Implementation Profile (NISO RP-14-2012)

This Standing Committee provides maintenance and support for ANSI/NISO Z39.93, The Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative (SUSHI) Protocol, and acts as the maintenance group for the COUNTER schema by providing recommendations to COUNTER and making changes to the COUNTER XML schemas (as approved by COUNTER). The main activities of the Standing Committee include initiating relevant changes to the SUSHI schema in light of the release of COUNTER 4 and to make applicable updates to the SUSHI workroom pages. The group works under a continuous maintenance procedure, which enables it to more smoothly shuttle through further updates to the standard. In January, an updated SUSHI standard was published; these updates extend the optional filter support to allow multiple filters and/or report attributes to be included in the SUSHI request.

The SUSHI web pages are an important area of focus for the Standing Committee. SUSHI schemas, COUNTER schemas, and sample reports are continually updated as is the recently streamlined SUSHI Server Registry— which now lists only providers who support COUNTER Code of Practice Release 4. The Standing Committee is also working to ensure that SUSHI support materials are congruent with the new community web site, USUS.

Oliver Pesch, Standing Committee co-chair, provided an update on the group's work on the February NISO Open Teleconference, for which a recording is available. Nettie Lagace, NISO Associate Director for Programs, spoke about SUSHI at the Electronic Resources & Libraries conference in February in Austin, TX.

SUSHI 'Lite' Working Group

Co-chairs: Paul Needham (Cranfield University), Oliver Pesch (EBSCO Information Services)
SUSHI Lite Workroom
SUSHI Lite Work Item

The SUSHI Lite Working Group is working to create a NISO Technical Report which explores the potential adaptation of the SUSHI Standard to accommodate present day development tools and usage needs related to retrieving 'snippets' of usage through web services. Three objectives of the technical report, which is now nearing publication, are to:

  • Allow smaller units of usage ("snippets") to be retrieved with SUSHI to enable SUSHI to become the standard for implementing real-time retrieval of usage for single journals or articles, as is becoming the practice within e-resource workflows and systems offering alternative metric displays.

  • Allow for an optional implementation of SUSHI with the web services that would be accessing SUSHI snippets—specifically, a RESTful HTTP interface with COUNTER usage data returned in JSON format.

  • Introduce a generalized filter specification that can be used with the new RESTful/JSON approach. These filters would allow the client to refine the request to a single book, journal, or article, or to specify extended data like account or customer details that are currently not available in the current standard.

As the Technical Report is published, demonstration code provided by Working Group members will be available to enable users to create more localized programs to experiment with the report's ideas.

Transfer Standing Committee

Co-chairs: Alison Mitchell (Nature Publishing Group), Elizabeth Winter (Georgia Institute of Technology)

Transfer Workroom
Transfer Recommended Practice

The aim of the Transfer initiative, begun by the United Kingdom Serials Group (UKSG) in 2006, is to support smooth and uninterrupted access to content by librarians and readers when a journal changes ownership and online content is transferred from a transferring publisher to a receiving publisher. UKSG announced the availability of the updated Transfer Code of Practice, Version 3.0, in March 2014. During late 2014 and early 2015, Transfer successfully moved from UKSG to NISO and the UKSG document was republished as a NISO Recommended Practice in January 2015. Further support, education, and potential future revisions to Transfer will be managed by the NISO Standing Committee.

The Transfer Code of Practice provides consistent guidelines to help publishers ensure that journal content remains easily accessible by librarians and readers when there is a transfer between parties, and to ensure that the transfer process occurs with minimum disruption. The Code contains best practice guidelines for both the Transferring Publisher and the Receiving Publisher. Publishers are asked to endorse the Code, and to abide by its principles wherever it is commercially reasonable to do so.

Transfer-compliant publishers are listed on the Publisher Endorsement web page. An alerting service is also available at the Enhanced Transfer Alerting Service; this tool gives advance notification to libraries and third parties, such as subscription agents, regarding journals that are moving. Publishers are not required to sign up to the Code, and there is no sanction if a publisher does not; but it is hoped that as the Code of Practice delineates an industry-standard best practice, statements of Transfer compliance provide a common understanding between publishers on the tasks associated with journal transfer and thus support an efficient handover, clearly beneficial to any business transaction.

Jennifer Bazeley of Miami University and Transfer Standing Committee member and Betty Landesman, co-chair of the NISO Content and Collections Management Topic Committee, spoke about the work of Transfer in two separate presentations at the Electronic Resources & Libraries Conference in Austin, TX, in February. Heather Staines of SIPX, Transfer Standing Committee member, will speak about Transfer at the upcoming SSP Annual Meeting in Arlington, VA in May.

Z39.7 Data Dictionary Standing Committee

Chair: Martha Kyrillidou, Association of Research Libraries (ARL)
Z39.7 Data Dictionary

The Information Services and Use: Metrics & statistics for libraries and information providers – Data Dictionary (ANSI/NISO Z39.7) is a continuously maintained standard; the fifth edition was released in summer 2013. The purpose of the Data Dictionary is to assist the information community by indicating and defining useful quantifiable information to measure the resources and performance of libraries and to provide a body of valid and comparable data on American libraries. It identifies standard definitions, methods, and practices relevant to library statistics activities in the United States. Any user of the online standard may submit suggested changes. The Standing Committee then reviews these suggestions during its scheduled monthly phone calls.

As part of its work, the Standing Committee scans and reviews the statistical survey landscape and examines other assessment efforts—including use of particular vocabularies—in the community for effects on the Data Dictionary. The NISO Altmetrics Initiative is discussed at each meeting. The Z39.7 Standing Committee is currently working through potential implications for the Data Dictionary of the recent move of the Academic Library Survey, formerly conducted by the Census Bureau, to be managed by the Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics as part of the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS). The structure of IPEDS precludes some previously-collected ALS data elements from being reported. ARL and ACRL continue to manage their own surveys and reporting of particular data.

For notifications about approved future revisions to the standard, subscribe to the Z39.7 notification mailing list.

Content & Collection Management Topic Committee

Co-chairs: Marti Heyman (Cengage); Betty Landesman (University of Baltimore)


Journal Article Versions (JAV) Addendum Working Group

Chair: Open
JAV Addendum Workroom

In 2008, the NISO Journal Article Version (JAV) working group developed a set of recommended terms to be applied to iterations of an article's lifecycle. The terms were assigned scope and definition that allow for actionable, unambiguous, and reliable tools for publishers, librarians, aggregators, indexers, and end users. As JAV was adopted, the scope of the term "proof" was found to be less precise and more difficult to apply than the other terms and a proposal was made to issue an Addendum to address this problem.

This Working Group met during 2013 and discussed perspectives on drafting the addendum to JAV regarding the "proof" category of articles as described above, and considered a proposal for an overall metadata framework or dictionary for JAV, in which its terms could be incorporated—meaning that different users of JAV could utilize their own local terms as part of the overall framework without collision. The group went on hiatus in the fall due to chair staffing issues, but it is hoped that work can re-commence during 2015.

Protocol for Exchanging Serial Content (PESC) Working Group

Co-chairs: Leslie Johnston (National Archives and Records Administration), Kimberly Tryka (National Institute of Standards and Technology)
PESC Workroom

The PESC Working Group is creating a NISO Recommended Practice to describe a packaging specification to be used for exchange and archiving of serial publications. Many different organizations, such as libraries, archives, indexing services, content aggregators, publishers, and content creators exchange and work with the diverse digital files that comprise serial content. There are many reasons for copies of serial content to be transferred from organization to organization, and even within a single organization, many times during the lifecycle of the content. When exchanging content, the files that comprise a serial “publication” are packaged together in some manner and these packages can be highly variable.

The PESC Recommended Practice, now in its final stages of Working Group and Topic Committee review and approval and expected to be published very soon, offers guidance to members of the scholarly communication community on preferred practices for the packaging and exchange of serial content that will enable the automation of processes to receive and manage serial content at scale. By following these practices, organizations can make it clear what content has been transmitted, how it is organized, and what processing is required when a new package is received.

Journal Article Tag Suite (JATS) Standing Committee

Co-chairs: Jeff Beck (National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine), B. Tommie Usdin (Mulberry Technologies, Inc.)
JATS Workroom

JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite (ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2012) (HTML)
JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite (ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2012) (PDF)

The JATS Standing Committee utilizes Continuous Maintenance procedures to determine appropriate actions to be taken on comments received on ANSI/NISO Z39.96-2012, JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite, the intellectual successor to the NLM Journal Archiving and Interchange Tag Suite version 3.0. Comments on JATS are managed by the Standing Committee, and considered for inclusion in updated drafts. The most recent publicly-available work is JATS 1.1d3, a draft publication. This particular draft is now entering the NISO formalization process, and is expected to become the updated ANSI/NISO JATS standard to be approved and published by Summer 2015.

Of course, JATS is discussed extensively at the annual JATS-Con, which recently completed in Bethesda, MD in April.

Discovery to Delivery Topic Committee

Co-chairs: Pascal Calarco (University of Waterloo); Peter Murray (LYRASIS)


Access and License Indicators Working Group

Co-chairs: Ed Pentz (CrossRef), Cameron Neylon (PLOS), Greg Tananbaum (SPARC)
Access and License Indicators Workroom

Access and License Indicators Recommended Practice (NISO RP-22-2015)

The Access and License Indicators Working Group, initially known as the Open Access Metadata and Indicators Working Group, published its Recommended Practice in January. This document defines a structure for standardized bibliographic metadata to describe the accessibility of journal articles as well as describes how "open" the item is via tagging to link to the item's license terms. The Recommended Practice is meant to provide a solution to the problem where many offerings are available from publishers under the banner of Open Access (OA), Increased Access, Public Access, or other descriptions, and the terms offered vary between publishers and, in some cases, based on the funding organization of the author. A number of publishers also offer hybrid options in which some articles are "open" while the rest of the journal's content is available only by subscription or license, and no standardized bibliographic metadata currently provides information on whether a specific article is freely readable and what re-use rights might be available to readers.

Along with the published Recommended Practice, the ALI schema is available along with code samples illustrating several of the use cases documented in a Recommended Practice appendix. Also, support for JATS has been included in the latest JATS 1.1d3 document. It is intended that a Standing Committee will soon be convened to provider further support and education for the ALI recommendations.

Co-chairs Ed Pentz and Greg Tananbaum provided an update on the group's work on the April 2015 NISO Open Teleconference, for which a recording is available. Nettie Lagace, NISO Associate Director for Programs, will talk about ALI at the upcoming SSP Annual Meeting in Arlington, VA in May. To follow the work of this group, subscribe to the OA Indicators mailing list.

NISO Knowledge Bases And Related Tools (KBART) Standing Committee KBART logo

Co-chairs: Magaly Bascones (JISC), Ben Johnson (Proquest)
Contact KBART Chairs for endorsement approval
KBART Workroom (NISO)
Knowledge Bases and Related Tools (KBART) Recommended Practice (NISO RP-9-2014)

The KBART Recommended Practice, published in 2014 by NISO, builds on the recommendations of the first version of the recommended practice to specifically address areas of metadata for e-books and conference proceedings, packages licensed via consortia deals, and describe how open access metadata might be published and shared in knowledge bases while continuing to supply a format for general transfer of journal data to the knowledge base of a link resolver supplier. The KBART Standing Committee provides support and education activities for KBART and is working now on streamlining publisher approval for inclusion in the KBART Registry, which includes details of contacts, URLs, and instructions relating to the transfer of e-resource metadata between content providers and link resolvers. All KBART registrants are requested to update their endorsement details pursuant to the new recommendations.

The Standing Committee is also reviewing its educational materials, updating these, and seeking new opportunities to present these to potential KBART audiences, including potentially the Charleston Conference in November. KBART Standing Committee members in attendance at the UKSG Annual Conference in Glasgow in March presented a lunchtime session, and Betty Landesman, CCM Topic Committee co-chair, included KBART in her presentation at the Electronic Resources & Libraries conference in Austin, TX, in February.

To follow the group's activities, subscribe to the KBART interest mailing list.

NCIP (NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol) Standing Committee

Chair: Mike Dicus (Ex Libris)
NCIP Workroom
NCIP Standing Committee
ANSI/NISO Z39.83-1-2012 (version 2.02), NISO Circulation Interchange - Part 1: Protocol (NCIP)
ANSI/NISO Z39.83-2-2012 (version 2.02), NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol (NCIP) Part 2: Implementation Profile 1

The NCIP Standing Committee operates via Continuous Maintenance procedures to manage the latest NCIP standard, version 2.02, which was published in 2012. Each month the committee holds conference calls to reviews status of implementations and discuss other general business, such as additions to the NCIP website. Meetings are held in person at least once a year in order to review any ongoing updates to the NCIP protocol per the Standing Committee's continuous maintenance procedure and to discuss other related issues of interest to the members of the Standing Committee.

Open Discovery Initiative Standing Committee ODI logo

Co-chairs: Lettie Conrad (SAGE Publications), Laura Morse (Harvard University)
ODI Workroom

ODI Recommended Practice (NISO RP-19-2014)

The Open Discovery Initiative (ODI) Recommended Practice, published in June 2014, is directed toward the new generation of library discovery services that are based on indexed search. The published document includes background on the discovery landscape, recommendations in the areas of technical formats for data format and data transfer; communication of libraries' rights regarding specific content; descriptors regarding particular levels of indexing for content; definition of fair linking to published content; and determination of appropriate usage statistics to be collected to address stakeholder needs. The ODI Standing Committee supports and publicizes ODI, and monitors the discovery landscape to determine whether and when further recommendations should be studied and written.

The ODI Standing Committee is now posting periodic updates on its work to the ODI observer mailing list - any interested observer may join this list — a Twitter account, @NISO_ODI can also be followed. Some recent highlights include the January public webinar, "Collaborative Improvements: ODI Success Stories," for which slides and the webinar recording are available. The group is also studying the NISO white paper, The Future of Library Resource Discovery, published in January, for further impact and guidance in the discovery arena.

ResourceSync Working GroupResourceSync logo

Co-chairs: Todd Carpenter (NISO), Herbert Van de Sompel (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
ResourceSync Workroom
ANSI/NISO Z39.99-2014, ResourceSync Framework Specification

ResourceSync, a specification which describes a synchronization framework for the web consisting of various capabilities that allow third party systems to remain synchronized with a server's evolving resources, was formally approved by ANSI and published in May 2014 as ANSI/NISO Z39.99-2014. The core ResourceSync group was funded by the Sloan Foundation and was augmented by other industry and research participants, some of whom were sponsored by JISC.

The problem that ResourceSync was designed to solve spans the areas of search, discovery, deposit, metadata harvesting, and transfer; there is a need to keep collections of resources in sync so that additions, updates, and deletions of one are reflected in the other. The ResourceSync standard was written in such a way that individual capabilities could be combined to meet local requirements. A server may also describe synchronization capabilities that it supports and means through which third party systems may discover this support. The core functionality of the specification is intended to represent a functional replacement of OAI-PMH. (Other features, such as push notification and archive capabilities are in beta draft form through separate documents, not currently part of the material part of NISO/ANSI standardization.)

A quick overview of ResourceSync, via YouTube, is available at http://youtu.be/ASQ4jMYytsA and also via the group's NISO webpage.

Standard Interchange Protocol (SIP) Working Group

Co-chairs: John Bodfish (OCLC), Ted Koppel (Auto-Graphics)
SIP Workroom

Introduced by 3M in 1993, the Standard Interchange Protocol (SIP) provides a standard communication mechanism that allows Integrated Library System (ILS) applications and self-service devices to communicate seamlessly to perform self-service transactions. It has become the de facto standard around the world to integrate ILSs and self-service devices. This NISO Working Group has been directing the existing SIP version 3.0 specification through the NISO standardization process.

Four important high-level areas have guided the group's work: the SIP3 documents themselves, including revisions/corrections/additions, resolving ambiguities, etc.; the Maintenance Agency; SIP3's relation to privacy standards and security; and the relation to NCIP. The group met approximately bi-weekly during 2013 to work through these areas; much of the discussion concerned the extensive research and analysis that was done by Working Group members to help progress decision-making. There have been some delays unrelated to the specification itself, but the Working Group is continuing its final work to determine the changes and edits that need to be made to the proposed standard and associated documents pursuant to the group decisions from these meetings, in order to publish a Draft Standard for Trial Use during 2015.

Following the completion of the documents, the Working Group intends to address questions of compliance, certification, and assured interoperability. Updated materials in conjunction with the group's work will be added to its Workroom page as they are finalized.

New Work Items

Bibliographic Roadmap Projects

Bibliographic Roadmap New Work Item Proposal (PDF)

This project was approved by NISO Voting Members in January, and work is now under way to organize three Working Groups following on the NISO Bibliographic Roadmap Project. The areas for further exploration are: Vocabulary Use & Reuse; Vocabulary Documentation; and Vocabulary Preservation. This work will be added to the portfolio of the Content and Collections Management Topic Committee, which recommends a working group structure be established whereby a Steering Committee will oversee the three working groups. The Steering Committee would include the chairs of the working groups and would ensure coordination of effort across the three areas of focus.

It is expected that the working groups will be formed during May.