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Further reading and related resources for ISO 25964 – the international standard for thesauri and interoperability with other vocabularies

Published articles and conference proceedings


Related standards

Published articles and conference proceedings

[1]  Will, Leonard. The ISO 25964 data model for the structure of an information retrieval thesaurus. In: Categories, contexts and relations in knowledge organization. Proceedings of the Twelfth International ISKO Conference, 6-9 August 2012, Mysore, India. Würzburg : Ergon, 2012, p.284-290. ISBN 978-3-89913-902-0. Also available at: http://www.willpowerinfo.co.uk/Will_ISKO2012_paper.doc

[2]  Dextre Clarke, Stella G. and Zeng, Marcia Lei. From ISO 2788 to ISO 25964: The evolution of thesaurus standards towards interoperability and data modeling. Information standards quarterly 24(1) 2012, 20-26. Also available at:

[3]  Dextre Clarke, Stella G. ISO 25964: a standard in support of KOS interoperability. In: Gilchrist, Alan and Vernau, Judi, Editors. Facets of Knowledge Organization; 4-5 July 2011; London. London: Emerald; 2012. Also available at:
, together with audio recording and presentation slides.

[4]  Will, Leonard. The ISO 25964 data model for the structure of an information retrieval thesaurus. Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, volume 38, issue 4, April/May 2012, p.48-51. Available at:

[5]  Hudon, Michèle. ISO25964 : pour le développement, la gestion et l’interopérabilité des langages documentaires. Documentation et bibliothèques 58, 3 (2012) : 130-140.

[6]  Hudon, Michèle. ISO 25964 : vers une nouvelle norme pour l'organisation et l'accès à l'information et aux connaissances. In Stabilité et dynamisme dans l’organisation des connaissances : Actes du 8e colloque bisannuel de ISKO-France, 28 juin 2011, Lille, France. Paris : Hermès Lavoisier, 2012, pp. 207-219.

[7]  Dextre Clarke, Stella G. In Pursuit of Interoperability: Can We Standardize Mapping Types? In: Boteram, F, Goedert, W, Hubrich, J (Eds), Concepts in Context – Cologne Conference on Interoperability and Semantics in Knowledge Organization; held 19-20 July 2010; Cologne, Germany. Ergon Verlag 2011. Presentation available at:

[8]  Dextre Clarke, Stella G. Thesaurus standards on a converging track. Legal Information Management. 2010; 10(1):43-45.

[9]  Dextre Clarke, Stella G. ISO 2788 + ISO 5964 + Much Energy = ISO 25964. ASIS&T Bulletin . Oct-Nov 2008; 35(1). Available at:

[10]  Dextre Clarke, Stella G. Evolution towards ISO 25964: an international standard with guidelines for thesauri and other types of controlled vocabulary. Information Wissenschaft & Praxis. Nov-Dec 2007; 58(8):441-444.


[11]  De Smedt, Johan. Exchanging ISO 25964-1 thesauri data using RDF, SKOS and SKOS-XL. Presentation in 11th European Networked Knowledge Organization Systems (NKOS) Workshop, Sept 2012. Available at: https://www.comp.glam.ac.uk/pages/research/hypermedia/nkos/nkos2012/presentations/ISO25964-mapping-to-SKOS-XL_TPDL-2012-09-27v6.pdf

[12]  Dextre Clarke, Stella G. Thesauri, interoperability and the role of ISO 25964. Presentation at BCS/IRSG Seminar “Innovations in Web & Enterprise Search”, 29 Nov 2012. Available at: http://irsg.bcs.org/SearchSolutions/2012/presentations/clarke.pptx

[13]  Dextre Clarke, Stella G. Types of mapping recommended in ISO 25964, and the question of reciprocity. Presentation in 9th European Networked Knowledge Organization Systems (NKOS) Workshop, Sept 2010. Available at:

[14]  Lindenthal, Jutta and Scheven, Esther. ISO 25964 - Standard der Information und Dokumentation: "Thesauri and interoperability with other vocabularies" [Presentation]. 2009. Available at: http://www.isko-de.org/data/uploads/Lindenthal-Scheven-WO2009.pdf

[15]  Lindenthal, Jutta. Ambiguities in representing thesauri using extended SKOS – examples from real life. Presentation in 11th European Networked Knowledge Organization Systems (NKOS) Workshop, Sept 2012. Available at:

[16]  Rabault, Hélène and Zysman, Hélène. Les schémas de concepts et le Web sémantique : la norme sur les thésaurus ISO 25964. In Journée Afnor/Bnf "Référentiels et données d'autorité à l'heure du Web sémantique", 27 May 2011. Available at:

[17] Tudhope, Douglas. Overview/update on ISO-25964 Thesaurus Standard. Presentation in 11th European Networked Knowledge Organization Systems (NKOS) Workshop, Sept 2012. Available at: https://www.comp.glam.ac.uk/pages/research/hypermedia/nkos/nkos2012/presentations/NKOS-ISO25964Update2012.ppt

[18] Zeng, Marcia Lei. The state of KOS in the Linked Data movement - The publishing, management, and interoperating of KOS for the Semantic Web. Panel presentation at the ASIS&T 75th Annual Meeting, Baltimore, Maryland, 26-30 October, 2012. Available at: http://www.slideshare.net/MarciaZeng/zeng-asist2012

[19] Zeng, Marcia Lei. ISO 25964: Thesauri and Interoperability with Other Vocabularies. Presented at: Knowledge Organization Systems: Managing Toward the Future. A Joint CENDI/NKOS Workshop, Hosted by The National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD Thursday, October 22, 2009. Available at: http://www.slideshare.net/mzeng/iso-25964-thesauri-and-interoperability-with-other-vocabularies

Related standards

[20] ISO 704:2009, Terminology work — Principles and methods

[21] ISO 1087-1:2000, Terminology work — Vocabulary — Part 1: Theory and application

[22] ISO 15489-1, Information and documentation — Records management — Part 1: General

[23] ISO/TR 15489-2, Information and documentation — Records management — Part 2: Guidelines

[24] ISO 30042:2008, Systems to manage terminology, knowledge and content — TermBase eXchange (TBX)

[25] ANSI/NISO Z39.19-2005, Guidelines for the Construction, Format, and Management of Monolingual Controlled Vocabularies. Available at: http://www.niso.org/standards/z39-19-2005/

[26] BS 8723-4:2007, Structured vocabularies for information retrieval. Guide. Interoperability between vocabularies.

[27] US Library of Congress. MADS (Metadata Authority Description Schema). Washington, DC: Library of Congress. Available at http://www.loc.gov/standards/mads/

[28] World Wide Web Consortium. OWL 2 Web Ontology Language: Document Overview. W3C Recommendation, 27 October 2009. Available at: http://www.w3.org/TR/owl2-overview/

[29] World Wide Web Consortium. SKOS Simple Knowledge Organization System Reference. W3C Recommendation, 18 August 2009. Latest version available at: http://www.w3.org/TR/skos-reference

[30] World Wide Web Consortium. SKOS Simple Knowledge Organization System eXtension for Labels (SKOS-XL) Namespace Document - HTML Variant. W3C Recommendation Edition, 18 August 2009. Latest version available at: http://www.w3.org/TR/skos-reference/skos-xl.html